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Pest Liabrary
PROTECTING YOUR ENVIRONMENT
It is important that where you live and where you work are pest free environments. Common pests are more then just a nuisance; they can be a serious risk to your health and happiness. Getting your environment clean and safe of unhealthy pests is our number one priority. Harper’s progressive solutions provide customers with a clean pest-free environment and protect against unwanted invaders inside and out. Wether it be your home and family or office and co-workers, Harper has the solution for you.
Ants
The population of ants outnumbers that of any other insect in the world. Ant colonies can range in number from 300,000 to 500,000, and are able to move quickly and relocate when they feel threatened. Worker ants may live as long as seven years and the queen may live up to 15 years. Ants can nest almost anywhere around your house, in walls, lawns, stumps and under the foundation of your home. They can enter through the tiniest cracks, searching for sweet and greasy substances. They leave an invisible chemical trail known as pheromones for other ants to follow once they find the food source.

Carpenter Ants get their name because they excavate wood to build their nests. Their coloring varies from red to black and they range in size from 1/4" for a worker to 3/4" for a queen. They build their nests outdoors in tree stumps, wood piles and landscaping, and they mainly attack wood that is or has been wet and damaged by mold. Pavement ants make their nests in or under pavement. They are dark brown to black and about 1/8" in size. They will eat almost anything, including nuts, cheese, meats, bread, honey, melons and seeds. Crazy ants have extremely long legs and antennae, and they received their name from the quick zigzag movements they make. They nest outdoors in landscape mulch, beneath bark on trees, under ground cover, under items and piles on the ground. Nests may also form inside homes in walls, beneath carpeting and other spaces. Odorous House ants get their name from the rotten coconut odor that is emitted after they are crushed. They may develop large colonies and are difficult to control with bait. The colonies need to be treated directly.
Carpet Beetles
Carpet beetle larvae cause damage to fabrics, crawling from room to room while living behind baseboards, molding, in heating air ducts, dresser drawers, carpets, clothing and furniture. Feeding damage often occurs under heavy furniture or pianos and at carpet edges.

Adult carpet beetles also feed on animal and plant substances such as wool, fur, feathers, hair, hides, horns, silk, velvet, felts, bone, seeds, grain, cereals, cake mixes, red pepper, rye meal and flour. Other substances include powdered milk, dog and cat food, leather, book bindings, dead insects, bird and rodent nests, and even cotton, linen, rayon, and jute, especially when stained with spilled food and animal excreta.

Prevention Tips:
They are attracted to lights at night, and may enter through an open window or door. Make sure to repair or replace damaged window and door screens, vents, etc. Carpet beetles may also be brought in accidentally on cut flowers or in furniture that has been stored or sent out for repair.
Cockroaches
Cockroaches can enter your home, spread bacteria and wreak havoc. They enter from the outside, through cracks, vents and drain pipes, but they require plenty of food, water and shelter to thrive. The inside of your home is an ideal place for cockroaches to breed. Cockroaches reproduce quickly and can often be hiding behind your walls multiplying. For every one you see there are many more that you can't see. Cockroaches are nocturnal, so if you've seen one that was forced out in the day, that means there could be a serious infestation behind your walls. The old skins, dead bodies and droppings of cockroaches can irritate allergies, and cockroaches are reported to spread many types of bacteria and parasitic worms.

American cockroaches are the largest house-infesting cockroaches. They are often found in areas where food is stored, and are most active when it is 70 degrees or higher. The Oriental cockroach often inhabits sewers and storm culverts. The female has a black oval shaped body and no wings, and the male is thinner and has two brown wings. The difference between the two often makes homeowners suspect two different species. The Oriental moves outdoors during the summer and invades the home during colder months. The Brown Banded cockroach is light brown and has lighter-colored bands running across the wings. Like the Oriental, the sexes differ in appearance with the male being thinner and the female being oval shaped. They enjoy resting in cracks and voids, and most of their activity happens at night. It does not require as much water as other species, so it can be found in other rooms than the kitchen and bathroom. They are omnivorous and will eat any organic matter, such as glue used in cabinets or books. The German cockroach is identified by the two dark, stripes that run along the front of the body. It is the most prolific breeder of all cockroaches. For every egg capsule there are up to 40 eggs contained within. The development process from egg to adult can take as little as 45 days. This cockroach prefers to be as close to food and moisture as possible, spending time in the cracks and voids found in kitchens and bathrooms.
Crickets
Crickets have a yellowish-brown body with 3 dark bands on the head. They are about 3/4 inch long and have thin antennae. Crickets are the most active at night and are attracted to lights. Their reproduction is similar to cockroaches, they can reproduce quickly and in large numbers. They are omnivorous and eat almost anything that is available. Crickets found in the home can damage silk, woolens, paper, and fruits and vegetables.
Earwigs
An earwig is easily identified by the long clippers on their backsides. Earwigs received their name from an old myth that claims they would crawl into people's ears while they slept and tunnel into their brains. Earwigs live together in large numbers outside. They hide during the day and feed on leaves, flowers and fruit during the night. They are often found under mulch or piles of debris, and they can enter a home through cracks and crevices. Though they have a menacing appearance, they are virtually harmless and do not spread diseases.
Flies
Depending on the species, the life expectancy of a fly is eight days to two months, or in some cases, up to a year. One pair of flies can produce more than one million offspring in as little as six to eight weeks. For every fly seen, there are an estimated nineteen more hidden from view.

Danger:
Flies spread diseases readily because they move quickly from rotting, disease-laden garbage to exposed human foods and utensils. In fact, more than 100 pathogens are associated with flies including salmonella, staphylococcus, e. coli and shigella. These pathogens can cause disease in humans and animals including typhoid fever, cholera, bacillary dysentery, hepatitis, ophthalmia, polio, tuberculosis and infantile diarrhea.

Prevention Tips:
Sanitation is critical to controlling these pests, but accurate identification is essential for successful fly control. Make sure to keep lids on garbage cans, clean up pet feces in the yard, and keep screens and doors shut tight to reduce fly populations within the home.

Moths:
Indian meal moths frequently are found flying haplessly in kitchens and living rooms. The moth is not a good flier and is usually a lone flier. The adult moths do not feed but the larvae, which can penetrate packages, will infest cracked grain such as wheat or cornmeal. They will also feed on nutmeats. The larvae feed in the grain and then crawl from the food source to pupate. After this resting stage, the adults emerge leaving a spun webbing and start the process again. Sometimes the abandoned webbing is found in cracks and crevices of plastic food containers, or even in the wall/ceiling jointure in other rooms of the home. We can identify these pests and can prescribe a treatment.
Moths
Indian meal moths frequently are found flying haplessly in kitchens and living rooms. The moth is not a good flier and is usually a lone flier. The adult moths do not feed but the larvae, which can penetrate packages, will infest cracked grain such as wheat or cornmeal. They will also feed on nutmeats. The larvae feed in the grain and then crawl from the food source to pupate. After this resting stage, the adults emerge leaving a spun webbing and start the process again. Sometimes the abandoned webbing is found in cracks and crevices of plastic food containers, or even in the wall/ceiling jointure in other rooms of the home.. We can identify these pests and can prescribe a treatment.
Silverfish
Silverfish are silver triangular insects that have three long appendages extending from the rear. They feed on molds and other organic materials, damaging fabric, paper and book bindings. They enter through cracks and voids, and are often found in attics and basements. Silverfish thrive in moist areas where mold is present and they are able to feed on it. They are often found in the soffits and behind the fascia boards behind gutters. They are extremely hard to control, so when they become a regular problem a professional should be contacted.